Salicylic acid is known for its antipyretic properties, and before the willow bark was the only source of its production. Currently, when aspirin and salicylic acid are produced in organic synthesis plants, willow bark has lost its paramount importance in scientific medicine, but folk healers still consider it an excellent tool in the treatment of colds (as an antipyretic agent), and they are also willingly prescribed with rheumatic diseases. Willow bark preparations, in addition to antipyretic properties, also have a diuretic and diaphoretic effect, and to some extent contribute to the elimination of pain.
It is worth noting that in some countries where traditional medicine is still in favor, willow bark is often prescribed as an alternative to synthetic drugs. In Germany, for example, the State Health Service recommends the use of willow bark for the treatment of rheumatic diseases, migraines and diseases with symptoms of febrile events. It is noteworthy that previously willow bark was the only remedy - replacing expensive quinine - in the treatment of malaria.
Traditional healers do not disdain willow bark in the treatment of gout, arthritis, various gastrointestinal diseases (diarrhea, gastritis with low acidity). Water extracts of willow bark have astringent properties, exhibit pronounced antiviral activity.
Willow bark preparations are used for hemorrhoidal and other internal bleeding, as they have hemostatic properties. On the other hand, decoctions dilute blood and prevent thrombosis.
Willow bark treatment should be treated carefully, for example, tannins can aggravate the condition of a patient suffering from constipation. It is not recommended to take decoctions of willow bark with a stomach ulcer and 12 duodenal ulcer. Inappropriate use of willow bark and gastritis against the background of increased acidity of gastric juice.
Decoctions of willow bark are not prescribed for pregnant women.
It should be borne in mind that the diuretic properties of willow bark can cause the elimination of salts and vitamins necessary for the body, therefore, to compensate for the loss, it becomes necessary to prescribe auxiliary agents. However, if the treatment is carried out under medical supervision, then the risk of negative consequences is minimized.