Euphorbia is widely used in folk medicine. A decoction of the root treats various inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx, oral cavity, and rectum. It stimulates respiration and is therefore used for various diseases of the respiratory system. Chinese herbalists have traditionally treated euphorbia chronic bronchitis and tuberculosis of the lymph nodes. Effectively the plant also against tuberculosis of bones, joints and lymph nodes. Extracts from milkweed contribute to blood formation and are therefore effective in the treatment of anemia.